What causes drug addiction and what is the possible treatment?
Trucare Trust is one of the rehabs in Pune, India. Our rehab is located at a place that provides the required facilities nearby and has a soothing environment that allows patients to recover in peace. We follow a proper treatment regime and we have a team of professionals that includes doctors, therapists, psychologists, and nurses who make sure that every patient is getting the treatment they need and that 24/7 support is provided by our team.
The causes of drug addiction are as follows:
The reaction of drugs to the human mind varies widely from person to person. Each person’s body and mind work differently. Some people love to use drugs, and others hate it after their first try. Rather than a single factor, multiple factors contribute to addiction to drugs.
- Genetics & Family History – Your genes may mean a greater predisposition to addiction. Your body and brain react to a particular drug the way your ancestors reacted to it. If your parents or their parents had a history of drug abuse, your chances of being addicted to drugs increase drastically.
- Environmental Cause – Your environment also plays a vital role in developing drug dependence. Because the environment influences behavior, if a child grows up in a home with a drug addict, it’s highly likely that he is going to struggle with drugs too. Other environmental factors which can contribute to drug addiction include the following –
- Abuse of drugs among friends and peers
- Lack of social support
- Troubled relationships
- Stress in life
- Low socioeconomic status
- Psychological Cause – Although genetics and environment play a significant role in drug addiction, psychological factors also contribute to the problem. Sexual or physical abuse, negligence from parents and peers, domestic violence, everything can lead to psychological stress. And people turn to drugs to let off this stress. Over time, this misuse of drugs can become an addiction.
- Other psychological causes
- Mental disorders such as depression
- Lack of friends in school or any social setting
- Huge academic pressure
- Traumatic events
Drugs are chemicals that affect the brain and body. Different drugs have different compounds and affect the human body differently. The effects of drug abuse also depend on the way you consume it. There are a few ways a drug can be consumed, like injection, inhalation, and ingestion. If the drug is injected into the bloodstream, it works almost instantaneously. But when ingested, it takes time for the drug to get into the bloodstream. According to the WHO, around 31 million people worldwide have drug abuse disorder, and among them, 11 million consume drugs by injecting them.
- Detoxification – The goal of detoxification, also called “detox” or withdrawal therapy, is to enable you to stop taking the addicting drug as quickly and safely as possible. For some people, it may be safe to undergo withdrawal therapy on an outpatient basis. Others may need admission to a hospital or a residential treatment center. Withdrawal from different categories of drugs — such as depressants, stimulants, or opioids — produces different side effects and requires different approaches. A detox may involve gradually reducing the dose of the drug or temporarily substituting other substances, such as methadone, buprenorphine, or a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone.
- Behavior therapy – As part of a drug treatment program, behavior therapy — a form of psychotherapy — can be done by a psychologist or psychiatrist, or you may receive counseling from a licensed alcohol and drug counselor. Therapy and counseling may be done with an individual, a family, or a group. The therapist or counselor can:
- Help you develop ways to cope with your drug cravings
- Suggest strategies to avoid drugs and prevent relapse
- Offer suggestions on how to deal with a relapse if it occurs
- Talk about issues regarding your job, legal problems, and relationships with family and friends
- Include family members to help them develop better communication skills and be supportive
- Address other mental health conditions
- Self-help groups – Many, though not all, self-help support groups use the 12-step model first developed by Alcoholics Anonymous. Self-help support groups, such as Narcotics Anonymous, help people who are addicted to drugs. The self-help support group message is that addiction is a chronic disorder with a danger of relapse. Self-help support groups can decrease the sense of shame and isolation that can lead to relapse.
You can reach out to us through our website; we have the best drug rehabilitation Centre in Pune.